Anantapur District is a district in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh, India. The district headquarters is located at Anantapur City As of 2011 Census, the district had a population of 40,83,315, of which 28.09% is urban and a literacy rate of 64.28%. It is the largest district in terms of area in Andhra Pradesh and 7th largest district in India respectively.
Area which comes under Ananthapuram district was once a crucial part of the Vijayanagara Empire. After the fall of the Vijayanagara rulers, it eventually came under the control of the Nizams of Hyderabad. British India took control of the region as part of a treaty with the Nizam. Ananthapuram district created in 1882 with Sir Thomas Munro as its first Collector.
Anantapur city is 354 km from Hyderabad, 200 km from the neighboring state capital of Bangalore. Anantapur connects Hyderabad and Bangalore through National Highway-7. Bangalore International Airport is nearest international airport to Anantapur.