Hindupur Municipality is Special Grade largest ULB in the Anantapur district of A.P it is spread over an area of 38.16 Sq.km with a population of 151835 (2011 census). The town is prosperous both commercially and industrially. The Hindupur Town is an important Pilgrim place of Sri Ranganath Swamy Temple and near by Lepakshi temple thousand of Pilgrims will be visiting for darsanam. The town is connected with railway facilities having railway station situated in banglore- dharmavaram junction under south central railway.
It is located 625 Kms from Capital city and 98 Kms from District Headquarters. It is established as 3rd Grade Municipality in the year 1920.
The Municipal Town divided in to 30 Revenue Wards and 38 Election Wards.
Geographically it is situated at an latitude of 130 50’ and longitude of 770 30’. The average elevation in Hindupur is about 2000 ft above sea level.
Climate and Rainfall
Hindupur Town, in general, has tropical climate, winters last from November to February, while summer last from March to June. The annual rainfall is 551mm, most of it received during the months of July to August.
The population of the town as per 1991 census was 1,04,651 and is 1,25,056 as per 2001 census with an increase of 20% over the last decade, and as per 2011 census is 151835 with an increase of 21% over the last decade. The people in the Municipality comprise Hindus-67%, Muslims-29%, Christians and others – 4%. Out of total population, SCs and STs constitute 8.82% and 0.57% respectively. The sex ratio in this Municipality is 1000:987. The literacy rate is 72% male population and 62% of the female population are literate.
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Hindupur is a prominent and renowned commercial centre in Anantapur District and the Rayalaseema Region. Cloth Business, Mundy Business are the most important businesses here along with the products, Jaggery, Tamarind, Chillies, Ground nuts and pulses. Besides, these, procuring Mulberry cocoons, production of silk threads, silk sarees is gaining momentum as one of the important commercial activity. Recently, some foreign teams from Switzerland and other countries and a team from World Bank visited Muddireddipally area of Hindupur town, where the manufacture of silk sarees is flourishing as a cottage industry and then explored the possibilities to develop the foreign trade of silk sarees and fabrics.
In the realm of Industries also Hindupur is in the process of development. The three efficiently managed Spinning Mills in the private sector are the Kirikera Food Products Ltd, a host of other industrial units in Thumakunta and Industrial Development area, which is 8 kms, southwards from Hindupur town on both sides of Hindupur Bangalore Highway. The Industrial estate in the Sugur Sadlapalli, and various other medium small & tiny industries and factories are coming up. These industrial units and already existing units such as starch factory, Oil Mills, Beedi and Match Factories, Agarbathi units and various cottage industries have been successful in creating an industrial atmosphere in the town. Hindupur town serves as an outlet for marketing the agricultural and industrial products of the hinterland, which comprises about 80 villages.
The Topographical features greatly influence the quantum of rainfall of any given region in the Monsoon tropics. Hindupur is no exception to the universal dictum. Situated far away from the eastern coast on the one hand, and effectively isolated by the Western Ghats on the other, Hindupur stands to double disadvantage of not receiving either of the monsoons in full. Hindupur receives the bulk of its rainfall between August and October. The annual average rainfall approximates to 55 cm. Rainfall here is not only inadequate but also uncertain and is widely fluctuating from year to year. Failure of monsoons in any year is bound to result in shortage of drinking water, not to speak of agricultural requirements. A good harvest and man’s prosperity and well being depend largely upon the quantum of rainfall with an eye on the sky, the farmer places his hands on the plough here. So much has been the dependence of the people on the monsoon for raising crops. There is no other single group of weather phenomena, which is so far reaching in its effects on man’s economic life, as the rain fall in this region.
The Rainfall is sparse and spasmodic. Borewells provide the ray of hope for drinking water purposes. Though there are rivers like Penna and Kumudwathi, they remain dry through out the year. There are no perennial rivers in the vicinity of Hindupur which results in excess dependence on underground water. Over exploitation of ground water and indiscriminate drilling of bores for the past few years has caused depletion of the ground water table and drying of bore wells in most cases. The poor, despite their low income, are left with no other option, but to purchase two or three pots for drinking purposes, or drink the same ground water with salinity and other impurities.
There are 53 poor settlements both notified and un-notified. Of the total population of the town of 1,51,835, the population in the Notified Poor Settlements is 137560 constituting 60% of total population of town as per 2011 census. This shows that most of the poor people are living in the slums. The poorest of the poor live in a state or utter dependency as casual labour and petty artisans, struggling to make both ends meet, barely surviving on the margin of life, sunk neck-deep in the whirlpool of poverty. As a result of low rainfall and recurring droughts, depletion of underground water table and lack of irrigation, poor people living in the surrounding villages migrate to the town in search of a better life. This exodus of poor from villages surround the town in search of better livelihood opportunities resulting in a continuous extension of existing poor settlements and creation of new settlements of the poor. Many poor people inhabit village poramboke sites or farmer villages on the outskirts of the town. The merger of six panchayats in the Municipality and migration of poor people from the surrounding villages in search of some sort of livelihood contributed to the emergence of large number of poor settlements without any basic civic amenities and services, like shelter, drainage, water supply, health, education and livelihood.
Historical & Culture
Hindupur, a renowned business centre in Rayalaseema, in situated in close proximitly to internationally renowned “Lepakshi”, a veritable treasure-house a art and sculpture and “Puttaparthi” an adobe of spiritual splendor of a great soul Sri Satya Sai Baba. It appears that the town was at first found by one Sri Hindu Rao by which name Siddhoji, the father of Morarji Rao of Gooty was known and thus it is names after him. The Hindupur Municipal town is the southernmost Mandal head-quarters of the South Western ceded district, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, bordering Karnataka. It was constituted as Municipality in the year 1920 and was upgraded as Special Grade Municipality in 1989.
The extent of the town is 38.16 sq.km (2637.34 acres) and the population as per 1991 census was 1,04,651 (at present as per 2001 census 1,25,056) Six panchayats (Mothukapalli, Sadlapalli, Kollakunta, Melapuram, Muddireddypalli, and Singireddy palli) were merged into this town in 1987. The town comprises 30 Revenue wards and 38 election wards. Geographically it is situated at an latitude of 130 50’ and longitude of 770 30’. The town is surrounded by River Penna and has four irrigation tanks namely Kotnur Tank (Capacity of Tank:81.51 M.Cft, Area:20:90 M Sqft) on Northern side, Hindupur Pedda Cheruvu (Capacity of Tank:25.14 M.Cft, Area: 8.98 M sqft) on Sourthern side and Surappakunta (Capacity of Tank: 15.05 M.Cft, Area: 5.02 M Sqft) located Centrally and Srikantapuram Tank (Capacity of tank : 21.71 M.Cft, Area:11.43 Sqft) on Eastern side.The Elevation of Hindupur town various from +620.000 to 630.000 mtrs.